it is not possible to state with any exactness the date when the first
sheriff swore to protect the lives and property of citizens, it is
certainly one of the oldest documented offices of public trust. The
Book Of Daniel, Verse 3.2, composed about 165 BC is perhaps the first
recorded use of the term Sheriff
The office and tradition of the
“Office of Sheriff” in America is largely derived from the English
tradition where it dates back at least to the reign of Alfred the
Great. In English Law the county form of government and the Office of
Sheriff are inseparable; United States of America adopted the
English law and legal institutions. The functions, status, and powers
the office have undergone change, but the Office of the Sheriff has
remained one of the most familiar and most useful office found in the
of English and American institutions.
In America generally a sheriff, is the principle legal official with responsibility for a county. In
practice, the specific combination of legal, political, and ceremonial
duties of a sheriff vary greatly from state to state.
established in 1732 as the last of the thirteen colonies. Camden County
is one of the original counties in the state and was established in
1777. In the tradition of English common law, the sheriff’s office was
constituted as the chief law enforcement officer within the county.
Georgia was the fourth state to ratify the United States Constitution,
on January 2, 1788.
The Camden County Sheriff’s Office
dates continuously back until at least 1787. Each of the 159
counties in Georgia has an elected sheriff directly responsible to the
people of that county. Georgia sheriffs have years of law enforcement
and educational experience. They are highly-trained law enforcement
officers with certain constitutionally mandated responsibilities
- Law Enforcement: Enforcement of the criminal laws of Georgia.
- Court Duties: Sheriffs maintain the safety and security of the court, serve court papers and perform other court-related duties.
- Jail Administration: Sheriffs’ offices operate county jails and
are solely responsible for the custody, safety and health of inmates.